What the legal cannabis market will look like across Canada

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After a very long wait since Prime Minister announced that cannabis would be legal in Canada when he was elected in 2015, the official legalization date is only two days away.

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Here are some quick facts about what the legal market will look like in each province and territory.

 

Newfoundland and Labrador

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: Newfoundland will be 23 privately run cannabis shops and Labrador will have one in Labrador City. Marijuana can also be purchased online at shopcannabisnl.com.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? No.

Prince Edward Island

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: P.E.I. will have three government-run stores and it can also be published online through peicannabiscorp.com.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household. Landlords for rental units must give consent.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? No.

Nova Scotia

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: Nova Scotia will have 12 government-run retail locations that will be mostly in already existing liquor stores. It can also be purchased online at myNSLC.com/cannabis.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? Yes. Cannabis can be consumed in public depending on existing smoking restrictions and local bylaws.

New Brunswick

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: New Brunswick will have 20 government-run shops as well as an online shop at cannabis-nb.com.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. Cannabis can be grown in a fenced area outdoors or in a locked space if grown inside.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? No.

Quebec

  • Minimum age: Currently the minimum age in Quebec is 18 but the new government has proposed a minimum age of 21.
  • Where to buy: Fourteen retail locations have been announced with 20 expected to open by October 17.
  • Can you grow your own? No.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? Yes. Cannabis can be consumed in public depending on existing smoking restrictions and local bylaws. 

Ontario

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: Ontario will not have any retail locations available until spring of 2019.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? Initially, Ontario was to have a ban on consuming cannabis publicly, but the PC government has recently said it will allow cannabis to be consumed anywhere smoking is allowed in general. Doug Ford, the Ontario premier has said that he finds it unacceptable that this means people would be allowed to smoke in parks so the law is not finalized.

Manitoba

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: Manitoba will have privately-run retail locations.
  • Can you grow your own? No, and growing your own cannabis can result in a $2,542 fine.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? No.

Saskatchewan

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: Saskatchewan will have privately-run retail shops
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. Those in rental units are subject to the permission of their landlords but otherwise you can grow up to four plants per household.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? No.

Alberta

  • Minimum age: 18
  • Where to buy: Alberta will have privately-run retail shops.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? Yes, depending on existing smoking restrictions and local bylaws.

British Columbia

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: B.C. will have a mix of private-sector and publicly-run retail stores. The first government-run store will open on October 17 in Kamloops.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household but they must not be visible by the public.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? Yes, depending on the existing smoking restrictions and local bylaws. 

Nunavut

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: Nunavut will not have a retail location to start and they have not yet announced their website.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? Yes, depending on the existing smoking restrictions and local bylaws.

Northwest Territories

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: Cannabis can be purchased at the liquor stores.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? Cannabis can be consumed on private property where smoking tobacco is permitted, on roadways and trails when not operating a motorized vehicle, and in parks when they’re not being used for a public event. It is banned in areas used frequently by children.

Yukon

  • Minimum age: 19
  • Where to buy: Yukon will have one government-run location in Whitehorse as well as an online store at CannabisYukonStore.ca. The territory has said it plans to allow private sales in the future.
  • Can you grow your own? Yes. You can grow up to four plants per household.
  • Can you consume cannabis in public? No.
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